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Aciphex (Rabeprazole)

We speak of the small intestine as consisting of the duodenum at the top, the jejunum next, and the ileum at the bottom. Surgeons can tell the first two apart by a little fold of mesentery at their junction but the second and third merge into each other as indefinitely as do violet, indigo, and blue in the rainbow. The small intestine handles the major portion of digestion. Man can get along without his esophagus or his stomach, or his large intestine; but take away his small intestine and he is done for.
The bile from the liver and the gall bladder empties into the duodenum near its beginning, and at the same opening the pancreas contributes at least three kinds of digestive juices, which have been mentioned above. The lining of the intestine also furnishes a digestive fluid which is presumably a combination of a number of enzymes and is known as succus entericus. All these change the food so that it is ready to be carried to the body. That is digestion.
After fat is digested, the milky-appearing result is collected by small vessels, called because of these appearance lacteals, and goes into the thoracic duct. This vessel runs up through the chest and empties into a vein in the left side of the neck. All the rest of the digested material is taken by the blood through the portal system, and distributed to the liver. This portal system is a separate blood system and is not a part of the general system. It has been described further under circulation. It collects blood loaded with digested food from the intestine, and after running a very short course, discharges this blood into the liver. From then on, all the blood goes into the general circulation.
So far it would seem that the portal system was just an accessory to the digestive system. But man’s physical body does not conform to, or furnish an inspiration for, his highly artificial tendency toward the complete specialization shown in his social organization. Many organs have two or more functions. As the bones not only form our supporting framework but are important as the seat of manufacture of blood cells; as the skin is a garment, a thermostat, and furnishes much of our sensation; as the pancreas digests our food and also regulates the sugar in the body; and so on ad infinitum; so the portal vein also carries blood from the spleen to the liver.

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