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Ceclor (Cefaclor)

Portions of the eye are subject to illness with the retina being chief among them. Some conditions like detached retina, in which the retina comes loose from the choroid against which it normally rests, can be repaired if detected in time. Others, like the retinal damage – diabetic retinopathy – that is often seen in diabetes or in high blood pressure, may be extremely difficult to correct.
A major complication of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy is the fastest growing cause of blindness today. There are over ten million diabetics in the United States. Diabetes is the sixth most frequent cause of death among Americans. Of those who have been the victims of diabetes for eleven years or more, two-thirds will experience diabetic retinopathy. Moreover, it is present in more than 90 percent of those who have had diabetes for fifteen to twenty years. Diabetic retinopathy is reaching for equivalency with cataracts as the chief cause of blindness in this country.
“Retinopathy” simply means pathology or disease of the retina and roughly parallels the duration of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is a catchall term used to describe any of the various stages of retinal pathology caused by diabetes, including hemorrhages, thrombi, aneurysms, and scarring of the retinal tissue. Diabetes damages the circulation by causing degeneration of the lining of walls of the blood vessels–first the microscopic capillaries, then the minute arteries and veins. Later, these little vessels become so weakened that they occur most typically in the retina.
The retinal blood vessel changes and hemorrhages may result in new, abnormal blood vessels forming on the retina and growing into the clear, gel-like vitreous where they often hemorrhage. While this blood may eventually clear, the blood, blood clots, and blood vessels in the vitreous humor may cloud and affect sight. Massive retina detachment may also take place. Treatment may consist of vitrectomy, in which the blood-filled vitreous is removed and replaced. Photocoagulation with lasers or xenon arc light beams is proving successful. Although an eye surgeon will be able to say whether or not the eye problem is the result of advanced or badly controlled diabetes, treatment must be aimed at the whole condition, not just at the retina.

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