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Diamox (Acetazolamide)

###table###Diamox(Acetazolamide)
GENES AND GENETIC DISEASES
What are genes?
Genes are the chemical blueprints of all living things. They determine whether an organism will grow into a plant, an animal, a bacterium, or a human being. They also determine sex, the color of your eyes and hair, and, in part, how intelligent you are.
Genes do their work inside the cells, the tiny building blocks of bodies are constructed. If you looked at a cell under a microscope, you would see a murky, colorless bag of chemicals.
Under higher magnification, you would see that the cell had an information center comprised of the nucleus, protein-manufacturing units, and energy production points. The genes are in the nucleus. They contain all the information the cell needs to carry on its protein and energy production.
Now let’s go deeper and take a closer look at the genes. You would see long, spiraling double strands of atoms. (This is the DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, the master chemical of genes.) The sequence or layout of those atoms contains all the instructions the cell needs to function, just as the sequence of beads on an abacus determines numerical value.
Tracking Genetic Disease
Genes control the chemistry of every cell of all plants and animals. A gene that is missing, malformed, or out of place profoundly distorts the chemical activity of the cell, and often of the entire organism. In humans, such genetic defects can lead to disease or deformity, such as Down syndrome, sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, atherosclerosis, Tay-Sachs disease, and others.
Scientists now know that about 100,000 genes are inside each human cell. They have isolated 21,500 of these genes and identified the specific jobs they do. For example, scientists know the chemical structure of the genes that make insulin, a hormone whose lack causes diabetes.
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