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Archive for the ‘Women’s Health’ Category

Levlen (Levonorgestrel Ethinyl Estradiol)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
Other names: Norplant, Plan B, Levora, Alesse
PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME AND EVENING PRIMROSE OIL
Evening primrose oil has been used very successfully as part of a treatment programme for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) since the beginning of the 1980s. Trials have consistently proved that most women – more than 80% of them – who suffer from PMS improve on evening primrose oil.
Today, few people challenge the view that PMS is a condition which affects the whole system. It is no longer enough to call it PMT – premenstrual tension – as the symptoms are much more pervasive than tension alone.
Six of the most common symptoms experienced by women with PMS are irritability, depression, breast pain, bloating, headaches, and clumsiness.
However, the cluster of symptoms can include swollen ankles, legs and sometimes fingers, reduced libido, constipation, hot flushes, backache, nausea, acne, cramps, food cravings, lethargy and fatigue on the physical side, and, on the psychological and emotional side, anxiety, mood swings, suicidal impulses, low self-esteem, weeping for no obvious reason, sudden tantrums, lack of concentration and lapses of memory.
A woman going through PMS can feel fat and ugly, with an evil temper and a feeling that life is not worth living. PMS can cause havoc in a woman’s life, at worst wrecking relationships, marriages, and careers. Women who suffer from PMS badly can be hell to live with and make unpleasant and unpredictable workmates. Women like this find themselves insufferable too while they are in the throes of PMS. Husbands and children often bear the brunt of their Jekyll and Hyde personalities.
As many as 40% of women aged between 15 and 50 get PMS symptoms of varying degrees, and about 10% gets them very badly indeed. At some time in their lives, about 80% of women experience some PMS symptoms.
For these symptoms to be true PMS, they typically happen up to 14 days before the onset of a period, and disappear when the period starts. The symptoms are similar every month.
PMS sufferers are most frequently in their thirties, and may be women who have had problems on the contraceptive pill, had hypertension during pregnancy, suffered from post-natal depression, and experienced periods of stress. Often, this group of symptoms goes hand in hand with PMS.
For years, women complaining of the emotional and psychological symptoms of PMS have either been told it’s a woman’s problem and is something they have to learn to live with, or else been given tranquillizers or anti-depressants, or seen a psychiatrist. The physical symptoms have usually been treated with hormones and diuretics. All these things have worked to some degree in some people, but have not got to the root of the problem for most women.
*1/60/5*

Gestanin (Allyloestrenol)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Gestanin(Allyloestrenol)
ALTERNATIVES TO HRT: USING NATURAL THERAPIES
I am very much opposed to the idea that Hormone Replacement Therapy should be the first thing women think about when they begin to experience menopausal symptoms. In many cases I don’t feel that the actual cause of these symptoms is the menopause itself- though it may well exacerbate and act as a kind of catalyst for problems that are already there. Our diets, our lifestyles, our lack of essential nutrients may well be exposed by this particular event. For while hot flushes and vaginal dryness may be specific to the menopause, other symptoms like mood swings, painful breasts and water retention are often associated with pre-menstrual problems as well. Once a woman reaches a certain age it’s very easy to label all her symptoms ‘menopausal’. Many of these symptoms are less to do with a shortage of hormones and much more to do with an imbalance. It is restoring the balance, rather than pumping ourselves full of outside hormones, that is the key. There are numerous different ways we can do this without resorting to powerful drugs. As well as getting our nutrition right we can use natural therapies to combat particular problems and improve our overall health. And these therapies can bring us to a fuller understanding of the way our bodies work. Once this is grasped it will become clear that the menopause is not a medical condition but a natural event that our bodies, given the chance, should cope with perfectly happily.
*46/101/5*

Aygestin (Norethindrone Acetate)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Aygestin(NorethindroneAcetate)
Other names: Nor-qd, Ortho Micronor
MENOPAUSAL SYMPTOMS: DIETARY CONSIDERATIONS AND BIOLOGICAL TREATMENTS
Hot flashes, disturbances in calcium metabolism, insomnia, diminished interest in sex, irritability and mental instability are typical symptoms of hormone starvation due to menopause. Although menopause cannot be avoided, it can be postponed for as long as 10-20 years with proper nutritional program, special supplements and the right mental attitude.
Dietary considerations
The Airola Diet and all the general supplements. Emphasis on vitamin E-rich raw and sprouted seeds and nuts, unpasteurized high quality milk and homemade cottage cheese, abundance of raw, organically grown fruits and vegetables.
Total elimination of all processed, refined and denatured foods, such as white sugar and white flour, and everything made with them.
Brewer’s yeast, lecithin, cold-pressed vegetable oils and kelp are essential supplements. Plenty of raw juices every day.
Biological treatments
1. Plenty of outdoor exercise, such as walking, jogging, swimming, riding horse or bicycle, sports, etc., is imperative to postpone menopause.
2. Avoid mental and emotional stresses and worries – do not even worry about getting old, just do something to postpone aging!
3. Get sufficient sleep and relaxation. Develop a habit of having a siesta each afternoon.
4. Follow all general rules of maintaining a high level of health. The healthier you are the less menopausal symptoms you’ll experience.
5. Take special supplements such as vitamins E, С, В6 РАВА and pantothenic acid, which have a specific property of stimulating the body’s own production of estrogen or enhancing the effect of existing estrogen.
*1/103/5*

Levbid

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
HEART AT THE MENOPAUSE
Increasingly women are told they should take HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) to protect themselves from heart attacks. It is true that as we get older our pattern of heart attack risk changes. Between the ages of thirty-five and forty-four, for instance, we have a six times lower risk of cardiovascular disease than men of the same age. But by the time we are fifty, we have half as much risk of heart disease. It is not until we get to the age of seventy-five that we have an equal risk to men. So what causes us to lose our protection? It has been assumed that because oestrogen levels drop at the menopause it’s this that puts us at a higher risk of heart attacks. Oestrogen is thought to have a beneficial effect on blood cholesterol metabolism, so when levels fall we lose our advantage. This is an incredible assumption to make when there are so many other factors to be taken into account in heart disease. There has been an overwhelming amount of research conducted on men and heart disease but comparatively little is known about heart disease in women. The famous on-going Framingham Study, which started in 1948 and follows the health of men and women in America, recently published in the journal of the American Medical Association the results of a survey looking at the risk factors for heart attacks. Both men and women were included in this survey but the researchers found that so few women suffered heart attacks that their results were not considered significant.
When researchers tried to test out the theory that oestrogen protects against heart disease, by giving men oestrogen to see if it prevented a second heart attack, the study had to be halted because of the dramatic increase in heart attacks amongst the men given the hormone. Perhaps that says it all.
*73/101/5*

Folic Acid

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
REAL DIETING: DIETS TO MAKE YOU WARY; ACT THIN TO BE THIN
Diets to Make You Wary
Here are some diet programs that doctors say to shy away from:
• Single-food diets. These diets (e.g., all-fruit) don’t retrain your eating habits and can be dangerous because they are nutritionally unbalanced.
• Highly restrictive diets. The weight you lose from these (e.g., low-carbohydrate plans) is mostly water, which you will gain back when you stop the diet-as, eventually, you must.
• Diet pills without a doctor’s prescription. Again, pills don’t correct your bad habits, and some appetite killers can be addictive.
• High-fat diets. Most medical experts say these can increase cholesterol levels and the risk of heart attack. They also are hard to stick with. Unfortunately, Parade’s survey could not determine the success of high-fat diets.
Act Thin to Be Thin
To lose weight successfully, you have to change your eating behavior.
Psychologists have discovered how to do that with behavior modification. In essence, you reward yourself for appropriate eating behavior and punish yourself for bad eating habits.
Unfortunately, eating is its own reward: The taste gives us pleasure; food assuages our hunger and, for some people, calms nerves. Because eating is so pleasurable, why aren’t we all as big as mountains? Our body punishes us with uncomfortable feelings of fullness. We don’t overeat.
But some people continue to eat even when they are not hungry. In Parade’s survey, one person in five said he or she eats when not hungry. That leads to diet failure.
Behavior modification works by making you aware of your eating-to counter the pleasure of food that overrides your sense of fullness. To begin, write down when you eat, what you eat, where you eat, and how you feel when you eat.
If you find that you nibble all day, restrict your eating to mealtimes. If you munch all over the house, eat only at the table. Stop eating when you read or watch television.
And if you eat to calm your nerves, find alternatives to food, like phoning a friend or, better, exercising.
Dr. Albert J. Stunkard, of the University of Pennsylvania, says that, although the amount of weight lost is modest, behavior modification works better than almost anything in maintaining weight loss over the long run.
*10/266/5*

Mircette (Ethinyl Estradiol, Desogestrel)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Mircette(EthinylEstradiol,Desogestrel)
Other names: Apri
OVEREATERS ANONYMOUS: THE GREAT AMERICAN WIFE
My mother prepared me well for the role of fat person. Being overweight herself (as a child I thought my mother was the fattest person in the world), she knew well how my life would run.
She told me how people treated you: the jokes, the rejections, the cruelty. What Mother stressed was that it didn’t matter. It wasn’t what you looked like that counted, it was what you were inside.
“Develop your mind,” she told me. “That’s something they can never take away from you.”
I got the idea that all that mattered was whether you were happy or not. You only had one life and if you didn’t enjoy it, it was wasted. Why deprive yourself and be slim? Soon you’d be dead and it wouldn’t matter anyway. You could have enjoyed life, but you didn’t.
Other people just didn’t understand. Already, “they”
44 were on one side and I was on the other. And that was how I found the world to be. I never quite fit in. I was always scared, or awkward, or superior. But different; always different.
Mother was a good cook and set a good table. We had garden fresh vegetables, plenty of meat and several desserts at each meal every day. Chubby was healthy and eating was pleasing your folks. Cooking showed love.
Love wasn’t expressed otherwise. It was an embarrassing subject. No one touched or hugged. You knew they loved you. There was no need to get mushy about it.
If you had a headache or a cold, special foods were prepared. And if you had a fever or had to go to the doctor, nothing was too much trouble. They’d go to the store and get anything. Eating made you feel better.
On your birthday you got to dictate the family menu. Dining out was a super-special occasion. Holidays were times when the whole family gathered at our house and the food preparations went on for days. Even minor events turned out to be feasts.
The way the family felt about food made it seem natural to eat when I felt good and when I felt bad.
The foods I loved were potatoes, breads, beans and sweets — no salads, no vegetables. Other kids might lick the pan when their mom baked a cake; I licked the pan when Mother made creamed potatoes.
I made good grades in school and was an honor student. This won me approval at home and with my teachers. I soon found a kind of belonging by appeasing authority figures, and it became a way of life. This was easy because you didn’t have to obey all the rules. All you had to do was be “sweet” and give the appearance of doing as you were told. Being sneaky turned out to be one of my great natural talents. It also compensated for not fitting in with the kids. I told myself that I was above the rank and file, smarter. I wasn’t interested in silly, girly things like clothes, makeup and boys. Even school functions such as ballgames and carnivals were too childish for me. Things changed at home, though, once I got into high school. Not the cooking — all the great stuff was still piled high. But suddenly I was supposed to “care more about yourself than that.” Mother started picking at me constantly about what I ate and how much I ate. Boys weren’t going to have anything to do with me if I kept on.
So that became my goal in life: to get married and be the great American wife and mother. If being happy was what mattered, that was what it was going to take to make me happy.
I got married the day after I graduated from high school. My life was planned. My ideals were set. I believed in control. You had to control your life and make it exactly as you wanted it to be because it was the only one you had.
When I was growing up, my grandmother lived with us and I saw the conflicts and tensions brought about by that situation. I promised myself I would never let that happen to me and ruin my life. No parents, his or mine, would ever live with us.
Also, I would never work. I believed in the sanctity of the home. I had my role to live.
To obtain the things I wanted, no price was too high to pay. I knew only too well that I was not sexually attractive. But I was willing to make up for that in other ways. I waited on my new husband hand and foot. I pandered to his ego, gave in to him on every decision, large and small. He got my total respect and dedication.
In return I wanted protection — insulation from the world. My home was going to provide that.
I didn’t fit into my wife role any better than I had fit into school. I had nothing in common with other young wives. I stayed home and got bored and depressed. I ate.
No babies came. We were the only couple around with no children. I thought it was cruel. I hated being around anyone else; all they talked about was babies.
I gained weight slowly, eight or nine pounds each year. At first, because I didn’t have anything else to do, I put a lot of time and thought into special recipes. Supper became a grand occasion. Later it relieved tensions.
Being compliant caused problems. I handled the money and if my husband asked if we could afford to go somewhere or buy something, I couldn’t say no. I felt guilty, both because I knew I should be managing the money better and because most other young wives were working to help out, especially those with no children at home.
We got behind on some of our bills. We went into debt over our heads, unable to control our charge account buying. If we wanted something, we got it.
I could not stand to be a failure at managing money, so now I lied to my husband about paying the bills and neglected to mention dodging the bill collectors. My old ally, sneakiness, came to the rescue again.
There is only one thing wrong with that kind of dishonesty. Sometimes you don’t feel real. Someone can tell you he loves you, and you say to yourself, “Yes, you think that. But if you really knew me — how I am inside — you wouldn’t love me at all.”
So you come to understand that your whole life is built on a pretty shaky foundation. It’s scary at times. But you go on.
I became bitter. I was smarter than this. Things should turn out better. It wasn’t my fault that we didn’t have children. That was a dirty trick being played on me.
Some things I could control, though. If we didn’t have enough money, there were ways of stretching it a bit. If life wouldn’t give me a fair share, then I’d take it. There are ways of beating the system, of outsmarting “them.”
That was when the shoplifting began, and it was emotional dynamite right from the start. Like the rest of my life, the stealing soon became focused on food. It was almost as though someone else was doing it, not me. Not once did I consider myself a thief. I was just trying to cope.
Things weren’t right. The happiness was not coming. My husband insisted I get out of the house and get a job. Both for myself and to alleviate our financial situation. I did, and I hated him for it.
Fear was growing, and my body along with it as I ate more. What I had believed in turned out to mean nothing. So now I believed in nothing.
Then, life dealt me the crushing blow: it became necessary to move my husband’s mother into our home. I would not accept it. My stealing increased. I began having violent headaches, almost constantly. And I became a sneak eater. I nibbled while I cooked, then ate a large meal and finally I cleaned off all the plates and finished whatever was left in the serving bowls. After that, I tucked several slices of lunchmeat into the pocket of my robe and went into the bathroom.
My desk drawer at work always had three or four candy bars in it. I ate in the car. I ate in the middle of the night. At five feet in height, I weighed 232 pounds and was getting heavier. I couldn’t tie my shoelaces. My feet swelled and my legs ached; I had to buy ankle braces, and even then the veins in my feet looked as though they were about to burst.
At this point my mother, who was in her forties, had a heart attack. During the next six years, she had eight heart attacks and three strokes. That mind which she had said they could never take away from you was never quite the same.
Life had no point. I seemed to have no future to look forward to at all. I was sliding downhill with nothing to hold onto. Pain and death lay ahead. And the best of my life lay behind.
Then I saw the ad in the paper for Overeaters Anonymous. I cut out the address and time of the meeting and put it in a kitchen drawer and left it there for four months.
But the ad said help was available and that came back into my head. I still had doubts. A fat club was insulting. And I knew I wouldn’t mesh well with other people.
Also, if I tried and failed, which was the result I expected, I didn’t want other people to know. I knew they “shared” and all I could equate that with was my Baptist upbringing and the revival testimonials. To that, I had to say, “No way. Definitely not my style.”
Still, I went. There wasn’t any answer for me anywhere else.
They had me pegged. I knew I was home. I went on the program the next day at 220 pounds.
I would like to be able to say that once I found this program all my problems vanished and I have had perfect abstinence and life has been wonderful. But that has not been my experience.
I wanted the program and I knew it was right for me. But at times I’ve wanted it my way — and this is one program you don’t manipulate. You give it up or you don’t.
So my experience has been up and down. Always growing. Sometimes it’s easy; I’m like a kite in the breeze. Sometimes I take it back and resist. Then I bog down and sometimes I break abstinence. But I just go back on.
I would like to be perfect, but I’m not. And there’s room here for mistakes. I accept what I can and wrestle with the rest. It’s OK.
It has been a year now. I’ve lost 80 pounds. Ten inches off my bust and ten off my hips. Twelve off my waist. Instead of a 24% dress I wear a 13.
I am changing, and at times that scares me. I have to keep reminding myself that I’m still me —- and always will be. In fact, I am finding the real me for the first time in my life.
I’m less defensive; I don’t have to apologize for me. I’m working on me.
Never before did I have enough. Enough love, enough food, enough possessions. I always had to grab. I always felt desperate. Now I am beginning to relax, to feel satisfied.
And for the first time ever, I’m beginning to have a clean, honest feeling inside. I go to bed at night with nothing to hide.
I’m more apt to tell you how I really feel. And I’m less willing to go that extra mile just to make up for being less a person than you.
I’m aware of how sick I’ve been, of how far I have to go. But that’s OK. I know the way.
I wake up in the morning glad to be alive. Life is a good thing.
I have OA, and my life is never going to be the same because of it.
And I have reached my goal: not my desired weight (I still plan to lose 30 pounds), but the only goal that really matters, remember?
I’m happy.
*7/245/2*

Premarin (Conjugated Estrogens)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Premarin(ConjugatedEstrogens)
CONTROLLING WEIGHT AND CHOLESTEROL
Twenty years ago, when we knew less about the causes of heart attack, the term ‘prudent diet’ was coined. It is a good name: the evidence that dietary change helps prevent coronary disease is not yet conclusive, but it is, none the less, impressive. If the proposals are likely to do good, if they do no harm, if eating can remain a pleasure, many of us will think it prudent to follow them. Diet is one of the causes of coronary disease. Here we deal with the principles of the prudent diet. There are in fact two kinds of diet:
1. If you are overweight, or have a tendency to gain or regain weight, you need to reduce your energy intake (Calories) until your weight reaches a healthier level. This low-Calorie diet has to be balanced, offering variety and containing adequate protein, minerals, vitamins and fibre; it is the amount of inessential foodstuffs (sugar, starch, fat, alcohol) which must be restricted. There is no reason to fear that this pattern of eating, aimed at achieving and maintaining an optimal weight, could do any harm; there is much indirect evidence of its benefits.
2. For those who are lean (or have shed surplus weight) the prudent diet means controlling the amount and the kind of fat you eat, and the amount of cholesterol. At the same time it means guaranteeing sufficient protein, carbohydrate and roughage (fibre-containing foods) in the diet.
*11/202/5*

Zelnorm (Tegaserod)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Zelnorm(Tegaserod)
FIGHTING OBESITY: EXERCISE POUNDS AWAY
The dieting equation is simple: food = energy. And the energy you don’t use, your body puts away as fat.
Our survey shows that only half the population exercises vigorously at least once a week for 20 minutes.
Dr. Bernard Gutin, of New York’s Teacher’s College, calls exercise the key to lifelong weight control. “People who take up vigorous exercise,” he says, “lose weight without even trying to control their food intake.” Exercise not only burns up calories, it also cuts your appetite, changes your self-image from a fat to a thin person, improves the condition of your heart and lungs, and changes the way your body burns food.
Unfortunately, when you cut down your food intake, your body burns calories more slowly, as if to hoard the fat that is already stored. That’s why dieters find it hard to diet for long periods. Since the body uses less energy during a diet, the dieters have to eat less and less to lose the same amount as they did earlier in their weight loss program.
Exercise speeds up your body’s chemistry and counteracts the slowdown. So even though jogging for 10 minutes uses up fewer calories than those in a slice of bread, its impact on the way your body handles calories is greater.
Most obese people shy away from exercise. They drop out of exercise programs faster than thin people. Half of the overweight people who exercise stop within a year. Parade’s survey found exercisers among only a quarter of the people over 65, the nation’s most overweight group.
If you are so inclined:
• Pick an exercise that’s fun.
• Exercise with other people. Use the buddy system; it’s harder to disappoint a friend than to get outside on a gray morning. (I rarely miss a tennis date, but it was easy to stay in bed longer when I was not pledged to play.)
• Start slowly, and never exercise to the point of pain.
*8/266/5*

Viagra (Sildenafil Citrate)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
Other names: Revatio, Kamagra, Kamagra, Caverta, Intagra, Lovegra, Silagra
WOMEN’S HEALTH: WHAT ARE THE CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR HRT?
Contraindications are medical conditions you may have, or be at risk of, which mean you should not take a particular drug or medicine. For HRT these are listed in the British National Formulary as:
• liver disease,
• breast cancer,
• history of thrombosis.
Another list of risk factors is given under the heading ‘Cautions’. If you suffer from any of these you should think twice before taking HRT:
• high blood pressure,
• benign (not cancerous) breast disease e.g. breast cysts,
• fibroids (benign tumours in the womb),
• migraine,
• endometriosis (the lining of the womb growing in other places than just the womb).
HRT has an effect on the whole circulatory system – your blood circulation, your veins and your arteries. So it can increase the risks of raised blood pressure, migraine, strokes and thrombosis. It also increases your levels of oestrogen, the ‘building’ hormone, and hence the risks of breast tissue changes, fibroids and endometriosis. And there is the ‘domino’ effect on other vital organs: the liver, for instance, which is your ‘waste disposal unit’ and helps remove excess hormones from the body. If it has to work overtime to remove hormones added into your body from HRT, its function can be affected, increasing the possibility of liver disease.
It is obvious from looking at the evidence that there are risks involved in taking HRT. There are also some women who cannot take it because of their medical or family history. The scientists don’t all agree over the percentage of the risks, especially with breast cancer, but they do agree there are increased risks. In a situation like this it is necessary for us as women to weigh up the positive and negative benefits of HRT. For some women who have had a surgical menopause early in life, HRT may be necessary. The sudden fall in hormone levels when their ovaries are removed is a tough challenge for the body. But women going through a natural menopause (with or without a womb) are in a very different situation.
*17/101/5*

Progesterone

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
Other names: Prometrium
DIAPHRAGMS AND DIENOESTROL CREAM
Diaphragms
Before the oral contraceptive pill arrived in the 1960s, diaphragms with spermicidal cream saw extensive and successful use by a whole generation of western women. These devices were inconvenient. They needed to be inserted before intercourse, removed later and they sometimes decreased the sensation of male partners during the act of sexual intercourse. In so far as the original diaphragms failed to protect women from sexually transmitted diseases, modern variations under trial offer this property as part of the effect of a “female condom”.
Dienoestrol Cream
Elderly women with post menopausal vaginal atrophy, who don’t wish to take Hormonal Replacement Therapy (H.R.T.) can take second daily vaginal applications of Dienoestrol cream. Dienoestrol cream contains oestrogen and it rejuvenates the vagina, which is dependent on oestrogens for both sustenance and secretions. A comfortable sex life again becomes possible and oestrogen creams also reduce the frequency of urinary tract infections and an intercurrent vaginal itch in post menopausal women.
*1/131/5*

Evecare

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
WEIGHT PROBLEMS: SURGERY TO FIGHT OBESITY
There are some people who are 100 or more pounds overweight. They are in imminent danger of death from heart attack, kidney problems, diabetes, or stroke. Many of them have tried every diet program known, and they have failed every one. For them, there may be only one solution: surgery.
The most promising methods narrow the stomach so that only a small amount of food can pass through. The surgeon employs a special stapling gun to shut off two thirds of the stomach. These procedures are risky. About one person in 100 dies from the operation, but the health risks of being so obese are probably greater.
Obese patients usually slim down by about 100 pounds because, after stomach-altering surgery, they can eat only tiny meals of ordinary foods. If they wolf down too much food, they have an instant feeling of fullness and loss of appetite.
But this drastic stomach stapling can be defeated. After surgery, one man I knew began to drink milk shakes by the gallon. The liquid easily went down the opening, and he gained back all his weight.
In another operation, the surgeon bypasses a part of the small intestine so that food is not absorbed. This, too, produces permanent weight loss. But the complications are serious: kidney stones, diarrhea, liver disease, arthritis, and infection. Few surgeons now use this method.
Other surgical methods either don’t work as well or carry greater risks. Wiring the jaw shut so that the patient can ingest only small amounts of liquid food causes massive weight loss, but the pounds come back once the wires are removed.
*9/266/5*

Danocrine (Danazol)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Danocrine(Danazol)
SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE: VAGINAL CHANGES
As the level of oestrogen falls, the walls of the vagina become thinner, and the blood flow to this area is restricted, causing a lack of lubrication. Doctors describe this as vaginal atrophy, which actually means wasting away, becoming useless. It’s a nasty term, guaranteed to make any woman feel she is about to become a dried-up husk. In fact it’s a real case of ‘use it or lose it’.
Although the vagina does not expand so much, it is still quite large enough to accommodate an erect penis. But the thinning of the vagina can encourage bacterial infections such as cystitis. Staying sexually active is a must. Regular sex or masturbation stimulates the blood flow into the vaginal area, reducing dryness. The muscle contractions during orgasm promote the health of the vagina.
Your waterworks are also affected by vaginal changes. The lining walls of the bladder and urethra (the tube linking the bladder to the outside) shrink and become thinner and drier and can become more liable to infection if they crack and split. You may feel the need to urinate more frequently, or find you leak a bit when you sneeze, cough or laugh. The good news is that there are plenty of natural ways to deal with these symptoms.
*7/101/5*

Evista (Raloxifene)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Evista(Raloxifene)
THE CAUSE OF BREAST PAIN
It is believed that breast pain is caused by abnormal sensitivity of breast tissue to normal levels of the hormones prolactin and oestrogen. There is increasing evidence that this abnormality is related to low levels of essential fatty acids, high levels of saturated fatty acids, and a defect in lipid metabolism.
Breast pain appears to be common in countries where people eat a lot of saturated fat, and it has been shown that breast symptoms improve if the amount of saturated fat is reduced.
Women with breast pain may have lower than normal levels of GLA and its metabolites, and higher than normal levels of saturated fatty acids. This pattern is likely to sensitize tissues to oestrogen, since oestrogen receptors have a greater affinity for the hormone if they are in a membrane environment which is rich in saturated fats and low in polyunsaturated essential fatty acids, such as GLA and its metabolites.
The changes in fatty acid composition could explain why the breast appears to be unduly sensitive to normal amounts of oestrogen.
There is an interesting relationship between heart disease in men and mastalgia and PMS in women. In societies where there is a high rate of death from heart disease among young
And middle-aged men, there is a correspondingly high rate of breast disease and PMS in young and middle-aged women, ST wherever saturated fat intake is high relative to the intake of essential fatty acids, breast and menstrual cycle disorders become common.
If a high intake of saturated fat is associated with benign breast disease and other disorders, then increasing the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids may reverse or prevent the development of mastalgia and PMS.
Women with breast disease tend to have high rates or sebum production, which is a marker of EFA deficiency. Also, PGE1 inhibits some of the peripheral actions of prolactin, a hormone which has been implicated in both breast and menstrual cycle problems.
A shortage of essential fatty acids in the diet leads to excessive amounts of fibrous tissue. Cysts, which are another common symptom of mastalgia, may form because for some reason the body is making too much of the hormone prolactin, and is also short of prostaglandin EX.
The idea behind giving evening primrose oil as a treatment for breast pain is that PGE1 can dampen down the effects of prolactin, may help the development of cysts, and can help remove lumpiness in the breasts.
*9/60/5*

Ortho TriCyclen

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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EAT WISER, LIVE LONGER: CALORIE AND FAT CONTROL
Your body changes each decade-so fast in your early years that you wonder where “the old you” went, so gradually in your later years that you scarcely notice becoming another person.
Whether slow or quick, your life’s shifts require that you eat the kinds of foods that will keep pace with an altered body and body chemistry. If you eat right, you can escape many of the tolls of aging.
Parade has surveyed the science of nutrition and come up with a plan for seven stages of eating for the seven periods of your life when you have to adjust what you eat to the biological person you become.
First, we found general rules of healthful eating for almost everyone of any age. Follow them, and you’ll give yourself the best possible odds for a long, healthy life.
Calorie Control
Take in neither more nor less food than you need for growth and energy consumption. If you eat more calories than you burn up (calories are units of heat, or energy), you will get fat. And fat people, in general, sicken and die earlier than lean people.
Fat Control
By keeping your fat intake down, you can easily control your calories. Laboratory mice who’ve been given all they want of a high-fat diet of items taken off supermarket shelves-cakes, cheeses, candies-become obese. Their fellow mice who’ve been offered only low-fat, high-carbohydrate foods stay slim, sleek, and sound.
The American Heart Association suggests that healthy people over the age of 2 keep fat down to 30 percent of each day’s total calories. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics says that children aged 2 to 12 can take 30 to 40 percent of their calories in fat.
Lower your intake of animal fats from whole milk and cream products, beef, veal, lamb, pork, and some vegetable fat, particularly oils of coconut, palm, and palm kernel. Such fats stimulate your liver to create excess cholesterol.
*11/266/5*

Tibolone

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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FIGHTING OBESITY: FASTING WITH CARE
What’s the allure of “protein-sparing fasts”? These low-calorie diets offer liquid protein formulas or small amounts of chicken, fish, and beef. They motivate you because you lose pounds quickly. One person in five polled by Parade fasted on his or her last diet. Men seemed to fast more than women.
Protein fasts are risky, particularly over a long period. Total fasting, in which dieters eat nothing at all, is especially dangerous because it uses up the body’s stores of protein, such as the muscles (including the heart muscle). It also depletes your potassium level, which could send your heart into a paroxysm. Some years ago, several people on a liquid protein diet died. At best, liquid formulas claim 50 percent success.
Doctors who use protein fasts to treat the grossly obese (people who are 80 or more pounds overweight) prescribe 400-to 600-calorie daily diets of either a special liquid egg formula or tight portion control of protein foods and no carbohydrates.
Dr. George Blackburn, of Harvard Medical School, says that 25 percent of those he treats with controlled portions of protein foods achieve normal weight and stay there. But his program stresses exercise and behavior modification to teach people to eat normally after they’ve lost weight; the diet is supplemental.
Parade’s survey found that people who drank liquid formula diets were more successful in keeping weight off 6 months or longer than those who followed other methods. But if you try these protein fasts on your own, the chances are that you’ll eventually gain the weight back and possibly endanger your health.
*7/266/5*

Ovral (Ethinyl Estradiol, Norgestrel)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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TESTS AT THE MENOPAUSE: PERSONALISED SUPPLEMENT AND NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMME (QUESTIONNAIRE)
Your health depends on a whole range of factors such as diet, lifestyle, stress, age, etc. With modern life being so busy and stressful, it may not be possible for you to eat as well as you would like and much of the food you do eat is likely to be deficient in the vitamins and minerals needed to keep your body healthy and well balanced.
Your health also depends on how well you absorb and digest the nutrients you do eat. Problems such as lack of energy, insomnia, headaches, depression, mood swings, anxiety, etc., can be traced directly to deficiencies of specific vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins and minerals work in balance with one another. It is because of this that it is vital you take the right ones in the right amounts, in the right combinations and at the right times.
It is possible to have a personalized supplement and nutritional programme designed specifically according to your symptoms and lifestyle factors. If you complete a comprehensive questionnaire which explores your lifestyle, symptoms and dietary profile, the vitamin and mineral levels present in your body can be checked and assessed for deficiencies. When analyzed the results are sent to you in a detailed report showing the 12 vitamins (A, D, E, C, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, folic acid and biotin) and 7 minerals (calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, chromium, selenium and iron) and the essential fatty acids you need to take, and in what quantities you need these in order to bring your body back into balance and optimum health. The report also includes dietary targets to help you function at your peak levels of energy and health.
At the end of three months, you are reassessed by filling in the questionnaire again. The results are compared with your original ones to see how your levels have changed and your supplement programme is then adjusted according to any changes found.
This is an excellent test to determine what supplements would be of most benefit for you now according to your symptoms, diet and lifestyle and to monitor your progress over time.
*86/101/5*

Ovrette (Norgestrel)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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FOOD ALLERGY TESTS (BLOOD), CYTOTOXIC TEST AT MENOPAUSE
Food allergy tests (blood
There are now available a number of blood tests that can reveal the foods that you are allergic to that are believed to trigger symptoms such as weight gain, bloating, aching joints, fatigue, stuffy nose, skin problems, migraine headaches, asthma and digestive disorders. Allergies to some foods in certain people appear to make the body retain water — and gain weight. Some people are aware that they are allergic to certain foods — the reaction is immediate and usually dramatic, like getting a rash after eating strawberries. But many of us suffer more subtle reactions. People who become overweight, for instance, may have an allergic reaction to certain foods that propels them to eat beyond their energy requirements. Ironically, it is the foods to which we are allergic that we often crave, as if we had a mild addiction.
If your body’s immune system is ‘fighting’ some of the foods you are eating, it is likely that it will be operating less effectively and will be less able to get rid of any toxins and excess weight. These kinds of allergies can now be identified.
There are two main blood tests for food allergies, the cytotoxic test and the IgG antibody test.
Cytotoxic test
This test measures the reaction of your white blood cells when brought into contact with foods and chemicals. The white cells may react by becoming smaller, larger or disintegrating. The test shows if your body is ‘seeing’ certain foods as toxins and then producing an immune system reaction to them, causing you to experience certain allergic symptoms.
*89/101/5*