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Archive for the ‘Skin Care’ Category

Eurax (Crotamiton)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Eurax(Crotamiton)
DISEASES OF THE SKIN: DERMATITIS
This simply means inflammation of the skin and is the term so often applied when it is impossible to be more definite in diagnosis. It goes through many different forms and it is very difficult to describe it in a general way. It may differ on the various areas of the body, and no two patients seem to show precisely the same symptoms. It is just as difficult to put one’s finger on specific causes of the trouble; in some it may follow indiscretions in eating; in others it seems to be related to nervous and emotional strains. In some it may be just a redness of the skin with very little discomfort; in others it appears to cause a good deal of discomfort. It may be accompanied by swelling of the tissues of the skin, and scales may form and gradually fall away. In some people it seems to come and go without making any great change in the skin itself.
Dermatitis should be regarded as a reaction of the skin to many different causes. It may be a manifestation of disorder of an internal organ, and is usually directly related to the alimentary tract. On the other hand it may be the result to some kind of drug treatment, and it is well known that contact with certain plants may produce a violent reaction of the skin. The use of X-rays and other powerful agents may cause such a reaction, and the important thing in treatment is to eliminate the irritating agent.
There are some who regard chilblains as due to a localized dermatitis following the reaction of a poor circulation subjected to intense cold. Certainly measures which improve the circulation are of the greatest help in this troublesome complaint.
*27/154/5*

Acticin (Permethrin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Acticin(Permethrin)
Other names: Elimite
DIGESTIVE DISORDERS AND AN UNHEALTHY SKIN
We have to take the matter a step further, to show the effect of disorders of the alimentary tract on the tissues of the skin. The direct relationship between the “sea-water,” of the body in which all of the cells live and function, and the digestive system is quite obvious. In the stomach the food is broken down and prepared for assimilation, and it is then taken to the “sea-water” for the final exchange with the cells. In this way the cells are nourished and relieved of their waste products. The blood and the lymph act as carriers between these two important systems, and disturbance of the one is soon felt in the other.
Of all the organs in the body the stomach is most open to abuse. It is at the mercy of our appetites, and all the mistakes we may make, in both the quality and the quantity of our daily food, are immediately inflicted upon the stomach. It may be distended by overeating, it may be irritated by the use of spiced foods, it may be upset by taking foods too hot or too cold. In these and many other ways the normal function of the stomach may be disturbed. The result is that digestion is turned into indigestion, and the whole body suffers as a consequence – not least of all the skin, which, as we have pointed out, depends on the integrity of the digestive process.
It is inevitable that indigestion should lead to disorders of the bowel function, and further complications are then likely to follow. When the digestion in the stomach is carried on in normal conditions the work that has to be done by the colon is very much simplified; but if there is constant indigestion the acid and undigested foodstuffs which pass into the bowel are likely to cause all kinds of troubles, not the least being an irregular and difficult action of the bowels, i.e. constipation, which has been named the “universal complaint.”
When this state of affairs occurs then the other eliminating organs of the body come under greater strain, and the skin is particularly affected. The important balance between the intake of nutriment and the elimination of the waste products has then been disturbed, and the whole system will be under the strain of retaining the toxins of its own activity to a point where it enters the danger zone of disease.
*19/154/5*

Oxsoralen (Methoxsalen)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Oxsoralen(Methoxsalen)
SKIN IN ADOLESCENCE: FACTORS, WHICH MAY CAUSE ACNE
Sunscreens
With the increased awareness of the damaging effects of sunlight many teenagers are being encouraged to wear sunscreens. Unfortunately, most sunscreens have a moisturizing base and so tend to aggravate acne. People who suffer from acne should wear alcohol-based sunscreens, which are now available as either clear liquids or gels. Examples include Clinique Oil-Free Sun Block SPF 15, Ella Bache Great Sports Gel SPF 15+ and Koala Beach SPF 15 Gel. They may sting, however, and in this case an appropriate alternative would be a milky sunscreen such as Ego SunSense Toddler Milk, Ego Sunsensitive, Clinique City Block, Ella Bache Oil Free and Roche Aquababy.
Vitamins
Many vitamin preparations contain kelp which is known to aggravate acne. Kelp is an iodine-containing substance, which in high concentrations stimulates pus. It is best for people with acne to avoid all vitamin preparations as they are of no benefit and can actually be counterproductive. There is no scientific evidence that vitamin therapy or zinc tablets are useful for acne.
Stress
Stress is a common aggravating factor in acne, although the reason for this is poorly understood. It probably works through the stimulation of male hormones called androgens that are secreted from a gland called the adrenal gland during times of stress. It is, however, impossible to live without some stress and acne itself can produce more stress. Adequate treatment of acne will often relieve stress associated with lowered self-esteem. Lack of sleep may also be an aggravating factor here, and people with acne should always try to get enough sleep.
The oral contraceptive pill
As most people are aware, the oral contraceptive pill contains synthetic oestrogens and synthetic progestogens. The synthetic progestogens have a male hormone-like activity and so can aggravate acne. The pills that contain a higher ratio of progestogen to oestrogen will often make acne worse whereas those containing a higher concentration of oestrogen will tend to improve acne. Higher oestrogen-containing pills such as Biphasil and Sequilar are often useful in treating women with acne, particularly those with premenstrual flare ups. This can be discussed with your doctor.
Drugs
Certain drugs can aggravate acne, particularly the anti-epileptic drugs and lithium. This issue should be discussed with your doctor.
*17/150/5*

Temovate (Clobetasol)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN IN DISEASE
Whenever there is disease in the body the skin is affected in some ways. As it is an important elimination organ this is only to be expected, but the fact is often overlooked, especially in relation to effective treatment. More attention should be paid to the skin in this respect because it can be used as a useful diagnostic aid and also as an indication of the progress that is being made in the body’s return to health.
Apart from the actual local changes that may take place when there is a particular skin complaint, such as, for example, psoriasis, the unhealthy skin shows definite changes in its general texture. It may be too dry or too moist, and it will most certainly lack the normal elasticity. When it is picked up under the fingers and thumb it will feel lifeless and lack that responsiveness so characteristic of the healthy skin. There are many people whose skin may be in this condition, and although they may not suffer from any so far diagnosed disease, their general health will be very poor. If the skin were used to estimate the general condition it would be possible to institute effective treatment much earlier than is usually the case.
In some cases the sebaceous glands are either inactive or too active. In the latter case, the skin takes on an oily condition which is far from pleasant and which spoils the appearance of the skin. The same is true of the sweat glands, and here the perspiration may be offensive, especially in certain parts of the body. The feet may often be affected in this way, and too many people think that such a condition can be rectified by the application of some deodorant. This is not so, because the excessive perspiration and its offensiveness are related to some inward disturbance of the system. The nerve endings in the skin may be irritated by the localized condition and set up itching of varying degree. Here again, one should not think that the suppression of the irritation is the proper way out of the difficulty. Whilst local relief may be given, the cause of the irritation must be found and removed if the case is to be satisfactorily handled. So many of these local troubles are the outcome of some disorder within the system that it is usually very dangerous to use suppressive treatment and thus merely put off the day of reckoning.
When the skin is sallow, and showing other forms of discoloration, there is no point in trying to hide the condition by the use of various cosmetic aids, because it is only the outward and visible sign of a toxic system. Nature is trying to store in the least dangerous places the effete matter the disease is developing within the body. The person who suffers from chronic dyspepsia often shows it in the colour of the skin, which is sallow and dry, and the sufferer from sluggishness of the bowels is never without signs of it within the various tissues of the skin.
*18/154/5*

Dovonex

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN CARE: USE OF EXTERNAL AGENTS
The use of external agents for the treatment of skin complaints has gone on from time immemorial. There are very few substances that have not been employed in this way, and the old herbal books are full of such recipes. All kinds of leaves were used in this manner; fruits were pulped up and applied, and the same was done with various vegetables. It is true to say that there is not a fruit or vegetable that was not supposed to have some special healing virtue, which, when used on the ailments of the skin, would exercise some miraculous curative power. Fresh blood, manure, cobwebs, among many other things, have been employed in such treatment.
Many of the ointments and external applications which are used today have their origin in these primitive notions of the skin and its diseases. The conception that lay at the back of these methods was that healing power existed in things outside the body and that unless they were applied there was no other way of healing. The fact that the body was a self-regulating and self-healing organism was a concept that was not appreciated until more careful study and observation had been made of the various diseases – when, indeed, our minds were freed from the notion that some evil force lay behind all disease.
With our long history of belief that disease can be cured by the use of external agents it is not easy for us to free our minds of such a concept, and that is the reason why so many people still cling so tenaciously to the thought that ointments and the like axe necessary in the treatment of skin diseases. They find it very hard to believe, in spite of the advance of scientific knowledge, that the treatment of disease may be placed on a rational basis. Because of their misplaced faith in external cures they lose sight of the fact that without its own inherent healing power and immunity the body would be unable to adapt itself to the forces that constantly assail it, and if we had to be responsible for the innumerable minor cuts and abrasions we should be spending all our time trying to heal them. The same fact applies to skin complaints. The body has within itself the power to heal them; what we have to do is to build up the general health of the system so- that the healing may be carried out.
*25/154/5*

Fulvicin (Griseofulvin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Fulvicin(Griseofulvin)
Other names: Grifulvin
SKIN DISEASES: IMPETIGO, KELOID, LEUKODERMA AND MILIARIA
Impetigo
An inflammatory skin complaint, marked by an eruption of pustules, which usually attacks the face round the nose and the mouth. It is considered to be of a microbic nature, but it always gets a footing on a skin that is low in natural immunity. The pustules have very thin crusts and appear in clusters, and once they have been seen they are easily recognized. Sores of a similar nature may sometimes accompany the serious chronic diseases, but this, of course, is determined by the general condition of the patient.
Keloid
The simpler kinds are formed by scar tissue, especially in relation to bad cases of acne that have been neglected. The more serious kinds involve the deeper tissues.
Leukoderma
The skin shows white patches where there is deficient pigmentation. It is said to be hereditary, but very little is actually known about it. It is probably due to some deficiency in nutrition, and external treatment is of no value in its treatment. Everything should be done to restore the general health of the body and the skin.
Miliaria
This term is employed to denote the condition that is commonly called prickly heat. The sweat glands are obstructed and inflamed and feel slightly rough under the fingers. There is a good deal of discomfort and itching with this complaint, which usually responds to proper treatment.
*30/154/5*

Accutane (Isotretinoin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Accutane(Isotretinoin)
SKIN AND DISEASE: USE OF HOT FOMENTATIONS
In many cases where there is a collection of pus near the surface of the body – as in the case of boils, septic spots and minor abscesses – the hot fomentation is indispensable. It helps to soften the skin so that natural drainage may take place, and the heat appears to hasten the “ripening” process. But there are many other skin troubles where the hot fomentation may be used with great advantage. In some such cases the skin in certain parts of the body will become hardened and form thick scales, showing that the normal function of elimination is too slow. Such areas need to be stimulated into greater activity, and there is no better measure than heat applied in a moist fomentation.
A piece of woolen cloth should be wrung out in water as hot as can be borne and then applied to the parts; this should be well covered by a dry material to keep in the heat, and the whole fomentation changed when it has cooled off. It is often made still more effective in restoring flexibility to the skin if a little olive oil has been gently anointed to the surface before the fomentation is applied.
The hot fomentation may be used to great advantage in some of the chronic skin complaints, like psoriasis, for example, where years of faulty skin action have led to changes in the superficial tissues. Some of these troubles become so extensive that they may cover almost the whole of the body, and then the baths mentioned earlier may be the proper treatment. But generally speaking, there are patches which will be found to be more affected than others, and these should receive the extra stimulation of the hot fomentation.
A dressing with a little olive oil is often very useful after the fomentation. It may be applied to the surface in very small quantities and allowed to be absorbed, or a little may be applied to a cloth and worn over the parts for a few hours.
*24/154/5*

Aphthasol

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN IN CHILDHOOD: MOLES
A mole is a collection of pigment cells forming a growth on the skin. The tendency to form moles is inherited, although in many cases sun exposure contributes to their appearance. They usually begin in childhood, increase in number and size at puberty and remain throughout life.
With the increased publicity about skin cancer, diligent checking of moles has become accepted as a method of early melanoma detection. However, it can be difficult for the average person to distinguish between a suspicious and an innocent mole.
Most moles are quite innocent, and do not have a tendency to develop into melanoma. Generally speaking, raised moles which are uniform in colour and outline are not serious, even if they enlarge. Moles which rub on clothing are not more likely to develop into melanoma and neither are those which become suddenly itchy. However, individuals with a large number of moles have an increased risk of developing melanoma, which will often appear as new moles.
Any two-tone freckle should be regarded suspiciously and preferably be removed. Melanoma begins as a flat, irregular mole or freckle with two colours, usually brown and black, spreading within the mole. It is only in the late stages that melanoma becomes raised, itchy and bleeds. In the early stages melanoma carries an excellent prognosis irrespective of treatment.
Wholesale removal of moles is a fruitless exercise, as it does not diminish the risk of melanoma. Only suspicious moles should be removed and these include:
- Any two-tone, irregular freckle (that is, a flat lesion with two colour pigments – brown-black, brown-red);
- Any mole which has recently changed colour or outline;
- Dark, hairy moles.
Although the tendency towards skin cancer is due to excessive sun exposure in early childhood, the development of melanoma in children is rare. It may occur in children with dark brown, hairy moles and is more likely to develop in children with dysplastic naevi. Dysplastic naevi are large, irregular, two-tone moles, which are often inherited. People with these moles have a high risk of melanoma and need to be checked regularly by a doctor.
Some common misconceptions about moles
There is a common belief that removal of an innocent mole can somehow cause a malignant change. This is not the case and many harmless moles can be safely removed for cosmetic reasons. Removal of a mole, however, does not mean a melanoma won’t develop elsewhere on your body. Other people believe that having all their moles removed will reduce their chances of developing melanoma. People who have many moles are more likely to develop a melanoma but removing innocent moles is of no advantage as melanoma can arise elsewhere.
Many people incorrectly fear that pulling hairs out of a mole will cause a melanoma. It is perfectly safe to remove hairs from a mole.
Dark, hairy moles
Dark, hairy moles are due to an accumulation of pigment cells which occurs during foetal life. Apart from their unsightly appearance, they have a higher risk of developing malignant melanoma. Where possible these moles should be removed but if they are large this can be difficult. Some can be removed using surgical tissue expanders. These enlarge the surrounding skin, so that when the mole is removed the skin can be pulled back over the depression. This is best done in childhood. Moles which cannot be removed must be watched carefully for any abnormal changes, as melanoma can occur in childhood.
*14/150/5*

Gris-Peg

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN IN ADOLESCENCE: ACNE
Acne is the bane of many teenagers’ existence. Although it is considered a ‘normal’ part of growing up, it seems unfair that just as interest in the opposite sex is beginning and confidence is all-important, a teenager may develop acne. Indeed, the psychological effects of acne can be devastating. Despite all this, it often goes untreated even though there are effective remedies available. It must also be said, however, that many ineffective remedies are promoted, so it is important to be discerning when it comes to choosing a treatment. Neither should acne be dismissed as ‘just a stage’ a person is going through, as many people continue to have acne into their twenties, thirties, and even forties.
The exact causes of acne are not known, but much research over the last twenty years suggests that genetic and hormonal factors are major contributors. If there is a family history of moderately severe acne it is very likely that children will develop acne at puberty. The natural history of acne is that it will eventually disappear in the late twenties. About ten per cent of people, however, continue to suffer from acne in their thirties and forties and this can often be predicted by their family history.
That hormonal factors are important is evidenced by the fact that acne often begins at puberty. In women, it may also vary with the menstrual cycle. Male hormones are more potent in producing acne than female hormones, so men tend to have more severe acne than women. Women with high levels of male hormones also usually have more severe acne.
Acne develops from the increased production of sebum (oily secretion) by the sebaceous glands. These glands are under hormonal control and are deep below the surface of the skin. Under hormonal influence they produce and secrete sebum, and the more sebum that is secreted, the more severe the acne tends to be. Sebum secretion is markedly increased at puberty and has several effects on the skin:
- Sebum is a very sticky substance, similar to mozzarella cheese in texture, which blocks the oily glands. This leads to blackheads and whiteheads.
- Sebum is an irritant to the skin and therefore produces inflammation which leads to red lumps.
- Sebum is a good growth environment for certain bacteria, called propionibacterium acnes, which live in the sebaceous glands. They are attracted to sebum and they release various inflammatory products which in turn lead to pus, inflammation and cysts.
*15/150/5*

Differin (Adapalene)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN IN ADOLESCENCE: COSMETICS AS AN AGGRAVATING FACTOR OF ACNE
Although acne is due to a combination of genetic and hormonal factors, certain influences can exacerbate it and so should be avoided.
It can be hard for acne sufferers to withstand the pressures of advertising, enticing them to use a lot of inappropriate cosmetics. Because they may lack self-esteem, acne sufferers tend to be vulnerable and are likely to be misleading by cosmetic sales staff, whose main interest is to sell something, irrespective of its effect. On the other hand, people with acne may benefit psychologically from using an appropriate make-up which helps to camouflage blemishes without adversely affecting the skin.
Skin care products, particularly moisturizers and creamy cleansers, tend to aggravate acne by blocking the oil glands which in turn leads to more blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. Moisturizers do not prevent ageing or wrinkles and are only useful for people with dry skin. Because acne is caused by excessive oil production, people with acne have predominantly oily skin and therefore will not benefit from using moisturizers. Only if the skin becomes excessively dry is a moisturizer necessary. A light, oil-free preparation should be used, for example, Neutrogena moisturizer, Nivea Visage, Nutrasorb or Almay lotion for oily skin. There products will not aggravate pimples, while heavier moisturizing creams will only exacerbate acne. Vitamin E cream, which is often falsely promoted to help heal scarring, is of no real value for acne scars and may even worsen the acne by clogging the pores. Non-creamy cleansers should be used, for example mild soaps such as Almay oil control soap, Clinique soap bar or Neutrogena for oily skin, or liquid cleansers such as Cetaphil Lotion, Almay foaming cleanser or Yardley foaming cleanser.
Many people with acne are discouraged from using foundation make-ups. The majority of foundations is oil-based and so is unsuitable. But there are ranges of ‘oil-free’ make-up which can be safely used. Examples here are Maquicontrole (Lancome), Demi-matte (Estee Lauder), Revlon New Complexion oil-free make-up, Clinique Oil Free foundation, Max Factor Pan-cake or oil-free foundation, Shiseido ‘Pureness’, and Almay oil-free foundation. True water-based foundations such as Clinique Pore Minimizer and other ‘shake’ lotions are too dry and spread poorly on the skin, giving uneven coverage and an overall unsatisfactory cosmetic result. All powders (dusting and compressed powders) are very suitable for acne skin and in fact absorb oil. Contrary to popular belief, they do not clog the pores.
Medicated ‘cover sticks’ may also be used directly on acne spots. They often contain an active anti-acne ingredient plus pigment to disguise the blemishes. Examples include Clearasil, Eskamel, Oxycover and Clinique medicated cover sticks. On the other hand, ordinary non-medicated cover sticks contain oil and aggravate acne.
Use of an appropriate foundation and powder should be encouraged if this will improve an individual’s self-confidence, while other skin care products should be avoided or kept to a basic minimum. Despite this counseling, many young women are so brainwashed by cosmetic advertising that they feel moisturizers are essential for their skin’s wellbeing. They complain that their face feels tight after washing, that it must need a cream to soften it. The truth is that ‘tight’ skin is less likely to sag and wrinkle, and so should be seen as an advantage.
*16/150/5*

Sterapred (Prednisone)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Sterapred(Prednisone)
Other names: Meticorten
FOOD ALLERGIES: A MAJOR SOURCE OF ILL-HEALTH
People are getting sick, in fact chronically ill, simply by eating the foods that they have been brought up to believe are good for them. As doctors continue to experience growing numbers of patients with a wide range of recurring symptoms, the medical fraternity will have to acknowledge the affect of diet on their patients’ health.
In England, recently, Professor Maurice Lessoff completed an inquiry into food allergies for the Royal College of Physicians. He said that such illnesses are common and should be taken seriously. He found that, often, people with genuine food allergies are wrongly told they have a psychological problem. How many people have been forced to lead miserable lives because narrow-minded doctors are unwilling to accept food allergy as a major cause of illness! This situation is extraordinary when you consider that 2400 years ago Hippocrates, the great Greek physician, said that the most important thing, of which a doctor should take note, is his patient’s food and drink and the effects of these things on his health.
The almost universal consumption of highly refined foods, in the West, has become a serious problem. Take-away foods eaten daily by many people are particularly dangerous as they have been processed, flavoured and tenderised with a sickening array of artificial substances. The problem is one of degree. The human body can withstand the onslaught of a considerable amount of the processed toxic rubbish, contained in the Western diet. However, there comes a time when it cannot continue to do so. It simply becomes overloaded and begins to break down. This may happen at any time in life — from childhood onwards and to any person who persists in eating the modern, universally processed Western foods. High fibre additives are not enough. These do not act as an antidote for all the manufactured foods and substances that are, literally, wearing out the body.
*44/106/2*

Danocrine (Danazol)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Danocrine(Danazol)
SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE: VAGINAL CHANGES
As the level of oestrogen falls, the walls of the vagina become thinner, and the blood flow to this area is restricted, causing a lack of lubrication. Doctors describe this as vaginal atrophy, which actually means wasting away, becoming useless. It’s a nasty term, guaranteed to make any woman feel she is about to become a dried-up husk. In fact it’s a real case of ‘use it or lose it’.
Although the vagina does not expand so much, it is still quite large enough to accommodate an erect penis. But the thinning of the vagina can encourage bacterial infections such as cystitis. Staying sexually active is a must. Regular sex or masturbation stimulates the blood flow into the vaginal area, reducing dryness. The muscle contractions during orgasm promote the health of the vagina.
Your waterworks are also affected by vaginal changes. The lining walls of the bladder and urethra (the tube linking the bladder to the outside) shrink and become thinner and drier and can become more liable to infection if they crack and split. You may feel the need to urinate more frequently, or find you leak a bit when you sneeze, cough or laugh. The good news is that there are plenty of natural ways to deal with these symptoms.
*7/101/5*

Retin-A (Tretinoin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
SKIN DURING PREGNANCY: STRETCH MARKS
Stretch marks, which are the telltale sign of pregnancy, usually appear on the abdomen, breasts and thighs. There are apparently more myths about stretch marks than any other affliction of pregnancy. The exact cause of stretch marks is unknown, although they are probably due to a combination of hormonal effects, genetic tendency and rapid skin expansion. Stretch marks often appear between the fifth and seventh months of pregnancy before the major growth spurt, so are not caused exclusively by foetal growth.
There is no proven method of preventing stretch marks, but avoiding excessive weight gain is helpful. Weight gain in early pregnancy is often due to food cravings, rather than foetal growth. Many women feel hungrier during pregnancy and may eat for two, even though this is unnecessary and often detrimental. During pregnancy, one only needs to consume an extra 150 to 200 calories a day for optimal foetal growth.
Pregnant women often apply baby oil and vitamin creams over their stomachs to try to avoid stretch marks. This is a fruitless exercise which does not affect the stretching skin.
Unfortunately, there is no satisfactory treatment for stretch marks. In time, stretch marks become less obvious, eventually becoming faint, white bands. Recent studies suggest that topical Retin-A used immediately after pregnancy may help to fade stretch marks but this requires further investigation. Retin-A can be used safely during pregnancy as it is not sufficiently absorbed. Plastic surgery and lasers cannot remove stretch marks.
*29/150/5*

Betnovate (Betamethasone)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###
Other names: Celestone
SKIN DURING PREGNANCY: ITCHY SKIN
Sleepless nights with itchy skin are common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The cause of this condition is unknown but it spontaneously resolves after delivery. There are several remedies for this annoying condition:
- Soft, cotton clothes should be worn directly against the skin to minimize itching, while rough fabrics and wool will make the skin itchier.
- Keeping cool, particularly at night, is also important. Use fans and air-conditioners and do not have too many bed covers.
- Bathing in cool, soothing bath oil, such as Alpha Keri, Hamilton’s Bath Oil or QV Bath Oil is helpful, and excessive use of soap should be avoided.
- Cooling creams such as menthol cream and cold compresses are beneficial. It is best to avoid topical anesthetics and antihistamines as they often cause allergic reactions which make the skin itchier.
- Topical cortisone creams can be very helpful and are safe during pregnancy, but should be used only under a doctor’s supervision.
- Oral antihistamines are often needed when the itch causes sleeplessness, and many are safe during pregnancy.
*30/150/5*

Aristocort (Triamcinolone)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Aristocort(Triamcinolone)
Other names: Triacet, Triderm
CAUSES OF ASTHMA IN CHILDREN: EXERTION
This may seem a strange cause, as even the fittest among us will become short of breath during exercise. The difference is that in non-asthmatics when the exertion is stopped the airways quickly settle back to normal. In asthma sufferers this is not so. The breathing tubes reach their narrowest between three and five minutes later, remaining at that level for some time after. In other words the shortness of breath actually increases when exercise is stopped. Different sports are more harmful than others and running is certainly the worst. Wheezing when exercising may occur in asthmatic children within six to eight minutes, and this can be very hazardous in a cross-country run at school. Cycling induces asthma although not so consistently, perhaps because only the legs are used. Other factors, like a cold wind and exhaust fumes, may play a contributory part in asthma caused by cycling. Swimming seems to be the most innocuous of all and can be recommended to everyone. As a general rule light exercise is less likely to induce wheezing although a harder sport like football can be well tolerated provided it is in brief bursts with some respite in-between.
Almost all asthmatic children have wheezing with exercise but why this should occur is a mystery. It is thought that it must be due to the release of some chemical in the lungs that affects the muscles in the airways. This is really of little practical help at this stage, but hopefully in the future it may be possible to identify and reverse the effect of this substance.
Simon’s first attempt at cross-country running was a disaster, as he had to give up on the second lap. This was most upsetting to him as he didn’t want to appear ‘soft’ to the rest of his classmates, and his teacher thought he was not really trying. It was only when he saw Simon in considerable distress a few minutes after stopping that he realized how serious the condition had become. Simon’s parents wanted him to be able to do everything that normal children can do and naturally this is the aim of treatment in all asthmatic children.
By accurately identifying the causes of your child’s asthma it is quite easy to take the necessary steps to deal with them.
*7/211/5*

Benzac (Benzoyl peroxide)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Benzac(Benzoylperoxide)
DISEASES OF THE SKIN: ABSCESS, ACNE, BROMIDROSIS, BOILS AND CARBUNCLES
So far we have not followed the usual medical idea of listing each skin complaint as a specific condition for which specific methods of treatment have to be applied. Rather, we have taken the view, common to Nature Cure, that the system is either functioning normally, as in health, or not, as in impaired health. This is particularly true in relation to the skin. The ideal to aim at is a healthy skin, because when that has been achieved we shall have normal functioning, which is the reverse of disease. It does not matter very much what particular form the departure from this condition may take; to return to full health is the point we need to have in mind.
But in order to give an idea of the various forms in which skin diseases may express themselves we give below a brief description of some of the commoner ones. No attempt will be made to cover them all in detail; the very fact that well over a hundred are dealt with in some of the larger text-books on the subject will show how difficult that would be from the standpoint of space -and how unnecessary it would be from the standpoint of Nature Cure.
Abscess
This may sometimes form in the tissues of the skin but is generally a complication following acne, eczema, or some such condition.
Acne
An inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles usually found on the face, the neck and the shoulders. The eruption may go through several different stages, from that of a roughened skin to the actual pus spot which forms and bursts. Those who are interested in the details of these changes are able to classify the different kinds of changes which the disease may take in different patients, but there is no reason why we should, from our point of view, enter into any such a complication.
Bromidrosis
This is the term sometimes used to describe offensive perspiration. It may be the result of some bodily derangement, or, on the other hand, it may be the result of taking some kind of drug. Drugs are eliminated by way of the skin and may affect both the odour and the colour of the perspiration. Cases have been seen where it has been highly coloured, yellow, green, red, blue or purple.
Boils
Boils may form in the skin and the adjacent tissues. They are very painful conditions which should receive urgent attention, both locally and constitutionally. Careful regulation of the diet is required in all these cases.
Carbuncles
These are similar to boils, except that they are more serious and are more upsetting in a general way. They involve the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles, and may exude pus from several openings. They require constitutional treatment.
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