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Archive for the ‘Epilepsy’ Category

Depakote (Divalproex)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Depakote(Divalproex)
DEALING WITH THE CAUSE OF INSOMNIA: CHANGING THE PATTERN
A popular way of treating insomnia today is a behavioural psychology method called stimulus-control, which consists of retraining yourself to sleep by learning to associate bed and bedtime with sleep, and sleep alone. This is the routine:
Use your bed and bedroom for sleep only. Don’t watch television, listen to the radio, read, work, smoke or eat in bed. Making love is of course permitted!
Always get up at the same time, including weekends and holidays. Lie-ins may be tempting, but if you take more sleep than you need on Sunday morning it’ll be harder to get to sleep on Sunday night.
If you find waking up really difficult, place your alarm clock at the other side of the room so that you have to get up to turn it off. Put the light on straight away, as light can stimulate wakefulness.
Don’t take naps during the day. You can overcome post-lunch sleepiness with some deep breathing, or a quick walk round the block.
Don’t go to bed until you are really sleepy.
If you don’t fall asleep within ten minutes, get up and do something else in another room. Don’t go back to bed until you are ready to fall asleep. The same applies if you wake up in the middle of the night for any length of time. Don’t associate your bedroom with lying awake. Get up, make yourself a hot drink if you like — milk or herbal tea, but not coffee or ordinary tea. Read, or write letters, until you are ready to go to sleep again. (Some people do quite a lot of creative work in the middle of the night and don’t miss their sleep at all.)
This method doesn’t necessarily suit everybody, but some studies show that it can be successful. In one trial a group of elderly insomniacs with an average age of 67 were able to reduce their time for falling asleep from an average of over an hour to half an hour.
There are further sleep-assisting habits you can develop:
Deal with specific anxieties during the day or early evening.
Avoid stimulating foods and drinks in the evening. These include coffee, tea and alcohol. Smoking is also a stimulant; if you can’t give it up immediately, at least cut down, especially in the evening.
Avoid stimulating activities late at night, including strenuous exercise, work, and arguments.
Establish a winding-down routine before you go to bed.
Spend the last hour before bedtime preparing for sleep, in-
cluding some relaxation and a warm bath.
Make sure your bedroom is both well-aired and warm.
A word about naps
for good sleepers, daytime naps can be beneficial and restorative; as we’ve seen, the human body clock actually seems built for sleep twice a day. However, while you are recovering a normal sleep pattern, naps are best avoided. The exception here would be parents of new babies, who are not technically insomniac, but are getting broken nights. If you are elderly and the need for a daytime nap becomes overpowering, take it but remember to allow for less sleep at night.
*21/169/2*

Valparin (Valproic Acid)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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DON’T LET YOUR HEALTH GO UP IN SMOKE: CAN EXERCISE HELP YOU QUIT SMOKING?
Statistics show that although some 30 million Americans have given up the smoking habit, in excess of 55 million Americans continue to smoke. The simple truth is that quitting is hard. Although it is not all that difficult to give up smoking for brief periods, it is clear that the long-term management of the habit requires a combination of factors, one of which is control of weight upon quitting.
Recent research has shown that exercise can help you control the substantial weight gains sometimes associated, as we earlier discussed, with the cessation of smoking. Although the body will store fat more readily after than before you quit smoking, exercise programs exist which ensure that there is less excess fat to be stored. This means that you can not only compensate for the lipoprotein lipase function by minimising the storage of fats, but you can also use exercise to firm and tone the body, thereby adjusting your metabolism so that more kilojoules are needed to sustain your body in its leaner state.
How much and what you eat will of course make a difference, but it would be a mistake to assume that dietary intake is the only or even the main factor in the control of weight. A number of studies have shown that overweight people eat no more food than do leaner people. Metabolism partly explains the difference in the way in which food is converted and utilised by our bodies. Overweight people almost invariably have slower metabolisms than do lean people. It is also the case that the sustenance of muscle requires kilojoule expenditure even at rest whereas fat does not. This being so, we can see that two people of the same weight could consume the same number of kiljoules, but one would gain weight where the other would not. Dieting on its own thus does little to effect permanent weight loss.
Another key factor in this marriage of exercise and diet is that exercise can elevate the metabolism for many hours subsequent to the exercise session, thereby assisting weight reduction by ensuring that any kilojoules taken into the body are more readily utilised
You do not have to remain a slave to nicotine, but you do have to have the will to be free. If you take the first step towards liberation, exercise can do much to help you walk that first kilometre.
*24/107/2*

Neurontin (Gabapentin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Neurontin(Gabapentin)
MEN’S ALCOHOLISM: BEATING THE BEAST: FIND SOME HELPING HANDS AND LET YOUR FAMILY IN ON IT
Find some helping hands. “The first line of defense for an alcoholic is a qualified self-help group,” says Dr. Nathan. “In my experience it’s the rare alcoholic who will stop drinking without involving himself in a self-help group like Alcoholics Anonymous.”
More intensive treatment such as counseling and psychotherapy also might be helpful, but they’re useless if you don’t stop drinking. Ask your doctor for help or contact an alcohol treatment center in your area. Or, for confidential information, write to Alcoholics Anonymous, P.O. Box 459, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163, or the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, 12 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10010.
Let your family in on it. If you suspect you have a drinking problem, odds are those closest to you noticed it quite some time ago. Talk to your family. They may provide enthusiastic support.
Ask your spouse to attend counseling sessions with you. Be wary if she refuses, because it could be a sign that she also has an alcohol problem or is unwilling to admit that your drinking is out of control, says Dr. Damstra.
*34/257/8*

Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Trileptal(Oxcarbazepine)
ALLERGIES: HEAL THYSELF – IDENTIFY THE CULPRIT AND STEER CLEAR OF WHAT AILS YOU
Allergies may be annoying, but unlike some diseases that resign you to little more than helpless spectating, the battle against allergies rests largely in your hands. Here’s what you can do.
Identify the culprit. You can’t effectively treat your allergy unless you know what causes it.
“You need to identify what you’re allergic to,” says William H. Ziering, M.D., an allergist and asthma expert in Fresno, California. “That way you can attack the allergens directly rather than just take medication and globally throw the animals out, throw grandpa out because he’s a smoker, pull the drapes down and pull the carpets up.”
About 90 percent of inhalant allergies are caused by 10 to 15 different allergens, such as dust mites, cockroaches, dogs and cats, grass and ragweed, says Thomas Platts-Mills, M.D., PH.D., head of the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at the University of Virginia School of Medicine/Medical Center in Charlottesville. So targeting the allergens that affect you may not be as difficult as you might suspect.
The best way to see what irks you is with a skin test. Using a pin, your doctor or an allergist pricks different allergens into your skin. If a red welt appears, presto! You’ve found the offending allergen. Of course, you may be allergic to more than one thing, so you may need to raise several welts before you’ve targeted all the offenders.
Steer clear of what ails you. Once you’ve identified the offending allergens, the best first step is to get away from them.
“The best treatment for allergies is avoidance of the offending materials,” says Franklin Adkinson, M.D., professor of medicine and co-director of the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine/Francis Scott Key Medical Center. “It’s effective without having any side effects, • and it’s often the most economical way to treat allergies as well. For mild allergies, avoidance and an over-the-counter antihistamine may be all that’s necessary to keep the allergy sufferer comfortable.”
*39/257/8*

Topamax

Friday, November 6th, 2009

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WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF EPILEPSY? (PRIMARY EPILEPSY)
There are many causes of epilepsy, which may vary with the age at which the seizures begin. This chapter will not attempt to provide an exhaustive list of all the causes of epilepsy. It will cover three main areas:
a basic explanation of the cause of seizures in general;
some specific causes of fits (seizures);
some provoking factors which may set off seizures in epileptics.
As a generalisation, it can be said that an epileptic fit occurs when, due to a sudden unusual release of energy (electrical activity) in the brain, its normal working is disturbed. The brain then fairly rapidly corrects itself and everything soon returns to normal.
From an explanatory point of view, although it may not be strictly medically acceptable, it is useful to divide epilepsy into two types:
primary epilepsy – idiopathic epilepsy
secondary epilepsy
In primary epilepsy, there may be an abnormality in exactly the same place in the brain as someone with secondary epilepsy, in as much that their fits might be identical but, on examination of the brain with today’s techniques, it is not possible to find an abnormality of brain tissue.
For many years this type of epilepsy has been called idiopathic epilepsy, which means that the cause is not understood. There are those who do not like the term ‘idiopathic’ epilepsy, as they argue that there must be a cause; it is just that we don’t know what it is at present. It is probable that in idiopathic epilepsy there are abnormalities of chemicals in the cells of the area of brain tissue which is electrically abnormal. These chemical abnormalities are such that from time to time epileptic discharges may be produced. The exact nature of this chemical abnormality has yet to be understood.
Understanding this chemical abnormality is very important for two reasons:
Firstly, it will provide a much better understanding of the nature of epilepsy.
Secondly, it may allow the production of drugs(anticonvulsants, anti-epileptic drugs) specifically aimed at correcting the chemical abnormality.
*2/192/2*

Lamictal (Lamotrigine)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Lamictal(Lamotrigine)
WHAT CAUSES ALLERGIES?
Almost any substance can trigger an allergic reaction. These substances, known as allergens, are mistaken for harmful foreign invaders by your immune system. Why this happens is still a mystery, although some researchers suspect that some men may inherit a tendency to make antibodies that are extremely sensitive to allergens. In any case, once your immune system identifies an allergen as an invader, it floods your body with powerful defensive chemicals to subdue the substance.
Most allergies are mild, causing no more than sniffles, headaches, watery eyes, a minor rash or weariness. But in rare cases allergies can cause stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting and even death. Bee stings and food allergies, for example, may cause anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that can result in suffocation.
Allergies are lumped into three broad categories—contact allergies, caused by things such as shaving creams, drugs or clothing; food allergies, in which eating a food such as strawberries causes a reaction, and airborne or inhalant allergies, which are caused by substances such as pollen.
Inhalant allergies are by far the most common, namely because the four biggest causes—house dust, pollen, pet dander and mold—can be hard to duck. Inhalant-caused allergies affect 15 percent of all Americans—25 to 30 million people—and they can crop up at any age. Few men, however, develop inhalant allergies after age 30 unless they’re exposed to a new allergen such as a pet.
But if you have allergies now, odds are you’re stuck with them for many years to come. Allergies can disappear during childhood. If they follow you into adulthood, however, they often get worse. Fortunately, allergies also tend to dissipate in the midfifties as the immune system becomes less vigilant.
*38/257/8*

Dilantin (Phenytoin)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

###table###Dilantin(Phenytoin)
Other names: Phenytek Er
WHAT MEN NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE NEW TUBERCULOSIS EPIDEMIC
If you think that tuberculosis is a disease of the past, and one that is well under medical control, then you’ll need to think again. In New York City, probably the richest city in the richest country in the world, the number of people now carrying the tuberculosis virus has soared to one million and is increasing steadily. According to some researchers, the return of the ‘White Death’ is an epidemic literally raging out of control.
New York is not the only United States city battling against the revival of tuberculosis. The rate of growth in the incidence of the disease is almost as bad in cities such as Washington DC, Detroit, Chicago and even Miami. There is also research to suggest that America’s itinerant migrant workers are taking the disease with them, out of the large cities in which they sometimes live to the rural areas in which they sometimes work. Nor is the revival of tuberculosis restricted to the United States. Recent statistics reveal that the ‘White Death’ is also alive and thriving in Australia.
*28/107/2*