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Archive for the ‘Anti-Smoking’ Category

Zyban (Buspar)

Friday, November 6th, 2009

Other names: Wellbutrin, Bupropion
It is an extraordinary fact that something that occupies up to a third of our lives is still a mystery. Of course, we all know that sleep gives us rest: without it we feel tired and irritable and don’t function as well as we’d like. Since 1952, sleep research laboratories attached to universities have been studying sleep patterns, with the help of human guinea-pigs. They have made numerous investigations not just into how we sleep but why, and no one has yet come up with a complete answer.
If you are beset by insomnia, you might wonder what use such investigations are. Whatever sleep is for, you know you need it and feel rotten without it. But the results of many of these investigations can offer some reassurance to the non-sleeper. They have, for instance, blown away the myth that everyone needs eight hours a night. Some of them suggest that most of us could get by on less sleep than we have without coming to harm. And some have come up with ideas for improving sleep.
During sleep all kinds of chemical and hormonal changes go on in our bodies; many of them are to do with bodily repair and restitution, and it has been thought that sleep was essential for these to occur. But at Loughborough University Dr Jim Home, Director of the Sleep Research Laboratory, has come to a different conclusion. In his recent book Why We Sleep (Oxford University Press, 1988) he suggests that for most bodily repair processes sleep is not essential; they can take place just as well during periods of ‘relaxed wakefulness’. Sleep, says Dr Home, is needed mainly to rest the brain; this takes place during periods of very deep sleep, which he calls ‘Core Sleep’, occupying only part of our total night’s sleep.
In sleep the brain goes through four main stages, each characterized by different types of brainwave — the electrical impulses emitted by the brain. In sleep laboratories these are measured by EEGs (electro-encephalograms), which are carried out by fixing electrodes to the sleeper’s scalp with easily-removable glue. From these electrodes, amplified signals are recorded on paper by mechanical inkpens, or on magnetic tape, showing the activity of the cerebral cortex — the outer part of the brain. In the waking state our brains normally emit fast beta waves, which have a frequency of around 15 cycles per second. During the night, we go through several cycles of different brainwaves, each cycle lasting around 90 minutes.


Friday, November 6th, 2009

Attitudes, your inner attitudes, produce bad feelings like fear, anger and anxiety.
‘Nonsense!’ you think. ‘I am angry because my parents behave so unreasonably. And I’m jealous because my wife is up to something. As for my anxiety, who wouldn’t be anxious about getting a job in a society where jobs are so hard for someone like me to find?’
Like most people, addicts and non-addicts, you probably feel that people, places and things cause your bad feelings. But this really isn’t so. It is your attitude to people, places and things which causes your bad feelings.
Faulty attitudes cause your unhappiness-Now let’s take an example. Let’s say there are two recovering addicts, both in Narcotics Anonymous trying to get well, both still living at home with their respective parents.
Both sets of parents decide that it’s time they had the house to themselves. They ask their addicts if they will find somewhere else to live and move out of the family home.
One addict takes this as a personal affront. His attitude is that it’s not fair. Therefore he sulks and he storms and he is full of self-pity and resentment. Very soon, he goes back to using drugs.
The other addict’s attitude is entirely different. He sees this as a good chance towards growing up in recovery. Instead of feeling sorry for himself, he feels pleased and rather excited by the idea of getting his own place, and sets about doing so with the help of his parents.
Exactly the same thing happened to each addict – they were both asked to leave home. But the attitude of one was that this was an unfair demand, while the attitude of the other was that this was a chance for growth. And because their attitudes were different, their emotional reactions were different too. One felt self-pity and anger, the other felt pleasure and excitement. One went back to using drugs; the other stayed clean.
The sequence of events goes like this. Something happens – you evaluate it according to your inner attitudes – you experience an emotional reaction.